Areas of specialisation



Reconstructive Urology


Reconstructive urology surgery can help patients with conditions such as birth defects, cancer, neurological disorders, male and female incontinence, strictures, scar tissue in the urinary tract organs, and pelvic floor prolapse. Reconstructive urology can also help repair traumatic injuries to the kidney, ureter, bladder, and genitals. Traumatic injuries are often associated with pelvic fractures that can happen as a result of things like motor vehicle accidents or falls, and can often lead to scar tissue formation in the urethra.

Paediatric Urology


Pediatric urology is a surgical subspecialty of medicine dealing with the disorders of children's genitourinary systems. Pediatric urologists provide care for both boys and girls ranging from birth to early adult age. The most common problems are those involving disorders of urination, reproductive organs and testes.

Some of the problems they deal with are:

  • Bladder control problems such as bedwetting and daytime urinary incontinence
  • Undescended testes (cryptorchidism)
  • Hypospadias
  • Epispadias
  • Urolithiasis (bladder and kidney stones).
  • Chordee and other minor malformations of the penis
  • Phimosis
  • Urinary obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Neurogenic bladder (e.g., associated with spina bifida).
  • Antenatal hydronephrosis
  • Tumors and cancers of the kidneys
  • Repair of genitourinary trauma
  • Genitourinary malformations and birth defects
  • Prune belly syndrome
  • Cloacal exstrophy, bladder exstrophy, and epispadias
  • Ambiguous genitalia and intersex conditions.

Endourology


Endourology refers to a specific specialty area in urology in which small internal endoscopes and instrumentation are used to see into the urinary tract and perform surgery. Urology is a surgical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Although urology technically is a "surgical specialty," a urologist must be knowledgeable in other areas including internal medicine, pediatrics and gynecology because of the wide variety of clinical problems that a urologist deals with.

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